Generally speaking administrative planning refers to planning in administrative perspective. In the field of education, administrative planning relates to distribution of responsibilities and powers for different levels of education. In administrative educational planning, the administrative responsibilities and powers are phase-wise planned in relation to the level of different educational administrators. This planning of education makes a detail plan on structure and organization of education at different levels – primary, secondary, higher secondary, higher – general, technical and professional. This planning prepares planning on duration of an educational program, organization and co-ordination of educational programs, financial allocation or budget for the program, engagement of educational officials in the program, and smooth management of the program etc.
This type of educational planning refers to planning for smooth academic transaction of the syllabus for any course at any level of education. It encompasses planning on education in relation to needs and demands of the individual and society. Formulation of educational goals, formation of curriculum committee for development of curriculum and selection of appropriate strategies and methods of teaching, planning of content units, planning for evaluation, planning for review of the curriculum, planning for use of library, planning for special provision for the gifted and remedial instruction for slow learners etc.
This planning of education is necessary for bringing total development of a student in one point and total development of an educational institution or organization in another point. This planning includes planning for student welfare services, planning for sports and games, planning for social activities and programs, planning for cultural activities and programs, planning for hobbies etc.
This sort of planning in education is macro-level in nature as its deals with planning in classroom situation in relation to a particular topic of a concerned subject. This planning refers to emotional and organizational climate of the classroom. It includes planning for specification or instructional objectives, selection and organization of learning activities, selection of appropriate means for presentation of learning experiences, monitoring of the learning or instructional progress, selection of suitable evaluation techniques for learning outcomes etc.
This type of educational planning gives a practical shape to the meaning of educational planning. In this context educational planning refers to the needs and requirements of every institution to be achieved through creation and maintenance of a planning atmosphere in the institution. Although institutional planning includes all types of planning cited above by focusing on curricular and co-curricular planning, but there is the need of having a discussion on institutional planning. This situation occurs because of two basic purposes. Such as-to give a practical meaning, shape and form to educational planning and to start educational planning at the grass-root level. By “Institutional Planning” we mean the plans initiated, formulated and implemented by individual educational institutions. Certifying it as a planning at grass-root levels it includes all types of planning in its jurisdiction.