NEWSLETTER

Volume 13 / Issue 16 / March 17

INTRODUCTION

As we all know that today's age is the age of science and technology. The teaching learning programmes have also been affected by it. The process of teaching - learning depends upon the different types of equipments available in the classroom. Teaching aids are materials that the classroom teacher uses to help students understand the concepts she introduces during her lesson. These teaching aids can take numerous forms, from the beans students might count while learning simple math in kindergarten to the photos of famous people and places teachers might display during a history lesson.

The process of teaching - learning depends upon the different types of equipment available in the classroom. There are many aids available these days like, audio, visual and audio- visual aids. They have very much importance in TLP (Teaching Learning Process).

NEED OF TEACHING AIDS

Teaching aids are important because they create a visual and interactive experience for the students. As the students become more engaged, they are more likely tounderstand the topic being taught. Teaching aids assist students in learning. These aids consist of video, audio and hands-on tools to help involve the students and enhance the learning experience. Teaching aids are an integral component in any classroom. The many benefits of teaching aids include helping learners improve reading comprehension skills, illustrating or reinforcing a skill or concept, differentiating instruction and relieving anxiety or boredom by presenting information in a new and exciting way.

Teachers begin using visual, audio and hands-on aids as early as preschool. Teaching aids can be as basic as a blackboard or whiteboard. Audio and visual equipment, such as DVD players and video projectors, are commonly used as tools for learning with a very effective output.

Students tend to get more involved when learning if teaching aids are implemented into the curriculum. Hands-on aids, such as computers, maps and other tools that require some sort of interaction from the students, have the highest levels of effectiveness.

The tools are designed to involve the students, promote interaction, and promote faster learning and better comprehension. Being able to see, hear or get involved in a topic creates a much better method for learning. Teaching aids can be as basic as a blackboard or whiteboard. Audio and visual equipment, such as DVD players and video projectors, are commonly used as tools for learning with a very effective output. Students tend to get more involved when learning if teaching aids are implemented into the curriculum.

How a teacher chooses to use learning aids in a classroom can vary dramatically. The main factor in the effective use of teaching aids is that a skilled teacher is behind the tools being used. The teacher is the richest teaching aids source because they play a lot of roles in the class. Teacher can be a controller the teacher is in complete charge of the class, what students do, what they say and how they say it. The teacher assumes this role when new language is being introduced and accurate reproduction and drilling techniques are needed. Teacher can be a story teller sometimes we can teach our lesson through stories, especially for kids. Teacher is the resource the teacher is a kind of walking resource centre (monitor) ready to offer help if needed or providing students with whatever language they lack when performing communicative activities. The teacher must make her/himself available so that students can consult her/him when (and only when) they wish. Teacher is a actor/actress they can act/play some characters in a story or the reading. Teacher is Organizer perhaps the most difficult and important role the teacher has to play. The success of many activities depends on good organization and on the students knowing exactly what they are to do. Giving instructions is vital in this role as well as setting up activities. Teacher is Participant this role improves the atmosphere in the class when the teacher takes part in an activity. However, the teacher takes a risk of dominating the activity when performing it. Teacher is Tutor the teacher acts as a coach when students are involved in project work or self-study. The teacher provides advice and guidance and helps students clarify ideas and limit tasks. Teacher can be a model: They makes example and student follow. Teacher is a singer when they teach English through songs, they can sing well. Teacher is a real object can use everything to apply in classroom such as postures, gestures, body languages, eye contact, facial expressions. For example, when they teach the new word “ Swimming”, they can use body languages to describe this action. Another important teaching aids I want to talk is blackboard. Traditionally, we know the blackboard is a tool to write the main points of the lesson. Blackboard is a place where teacher can show main content on it. Blackboard is a stage where teacher can tell stories by using flashcards, students can role-play drama…. Blackboard likes a piece of paper that teacher and students can draw or write on it. Blackboard is a screen that students can see pictures and play games such as guessing words, slap the board, hang man. Blackboard is a sticky notes that teacher uses to write tasks and homework. Blackboard is used to play games: Playing Games. We can play many different games just using the board. However, games should only be played as warmers, fillers, or lesson ending activities. Here are the examples of games that we can play on the board: Hangman, ,XO game, Bingo, Snake word game, Pictogram…You can also play word games which are good in vocabulary class.


There are many aids available these days. We may classify these aids as follows :-

Visual Aids

The aids which use sense of vision are called Visual aids. For example :- actual objects, models, pictures, charts, maps, flash cards, flannel board, bulletin board, chalkboard, overhead projector, slides etc. Out of these black board and chalk are the commonest ones.

Audio Aids

The aids that involve the sense of hearing are called Audio aids. For example :- radio, tape recorder, gramophone etc.

Audio - Visual Aids

The aids which involve the sense of vision as well as hearing are called Audio- Visual aids. For example :- television, film projector, film strips etc.

IMPORTANCE OF TEACHING AIDS

Motivation - They try to motivate the students and engross them in work.

Clarification - Through teaching aids , the teacher clarify the subject matter more easily.

Discouragement of Cramming - Teaching aids can facilitate the proper understanding to the students which discourage the act of cramming.

Increase the Vocabulary - Teaching aids helps to increase the vocabulary of the students more effectively.

Classroom Live and active - Teaching aids make the classroom live and active. Avoids dullness. It also saves time, energy and money.

Direct Experience - Teaching aids provide direct experience to the students.

The teacher and blackboard are the best teaching aids that are available, convenient and popular. You are teachers in near future, so hope you will improve yourselves to become an effective teaching aid.


© Institute of International Teachers Training @2017 All Rights Reserved